GOLD CREEK Galloway Stud  ~   Located  in  HISTORIC  BRAIDWOOD Southern NSW

                                                                                                      ~   STUD OWNERS: PAMELA ROBINSON  &  SUZANNE BAKER

Galloway History

Galloway  Cattle  History

The Galloway is one of the world's longest established breeds of beef cattle, named after the Galloway region of Scotland, where it originated. Galloway, was an ancient regality or lordship lying in the south-west of Scotland. The word is derived from Gallovid, which in old Scots signifies "a Gaul". The Gauls are said to have been the first inhabitants of this part of Scotland. The last of the old line of rulers was Alan, Lord of Galloway. When the Romans marched through, what was then a heavily forested area, they feasted on wild cattle. It is generally accepted that the cattle roaming in the area were the progenitors of the modern breed of Galloways.

Now found in many parts of the world, the Galloway was introduced in Canada in 1853 (first registered in 1872), and the first Galloway registry was introduced in the USA in 1882. Galloway Cattle imports were first recorded in Australia in 1951, however there is evidence to suggest that the breed existed within our shores long before 1951.

The Galloway is naturally hornless, and instead of horns has a bone knob at the top of its skull called the poll. This breed's shaggy coat has both a thick, woolly undercoat for warmth and stiffer guard hairs that help shed water, making them well adapted to harsher climates.

The Galloway breed comes from the cattle native to an entire region of Scotland, and originally there was much variation within this breed, including many different colours and patterns. The original Galloway herd book only registered black cattle, but the recessive gene for red colour persisted in the population, and eventually dun Galloways were also allowed into the herd book. As a result, although black is still the most common colour for Galloways, they can also be red and several shades of dun.

Black Miniature Galloway cattle are well suited to the colder climates as the colour and their double coat is well suited to keeping them in tip top condition throughout any cold weather that the Australian climate can throw at them. Breeders of black Galloways in parts of Australia where the Winters are cold and the Summers can be very hot, say that their cattle cope well with both.

Red Miniature Galloway cattle are are well suited to the colder climates as the colour and their double coat is well suited to keeping them in tip top condition throughout both the hot and cold weather that the Australian climate has to offer.

Dun covers so many different shades it seems unfair to just say any miniature Galloway is 'dun'. There are silver dun, but there are also so many different shades of dun - from dark chocolate dun to an almost white silver dun.

White  Galloway  History

White Galloway Cattle are the most recent member of the Galloway Cattle family. White Galloways originate from three independent sources; one in Scotland, one in the U.S.A. and one in Canada. Like the Standard and Belted breeds, the White Galloway Cattle has its own separate Herd Book. White Galloways were first registered in USA in 1970, UK 1981, Canada 1990 and with the NZ Galloway Cattle society in 1994.

The earliest evidence of the Galloway breed in Australia dates back to 1858. A registering body wasn't formed until 1951. The Australian Galloway Association was incorporated to provide breeders of Galloways, Belted Galloways, White Galloways and Miniature Galloways a forum to register, transfer and promote their cattle. In 1971 he Galloway Cattle and Beef Marketing Association Inc. was formed (now Galloways Australia).

Galloway Beef - Winning Attributes

In the early 1970s the many fine attributes of the Galloway carcase were repeatedly brought to the attention of Australian beef breeders when a Galloway won the first prize on the hook at the Melbourne Royal Show (1971) and then a Galloway won Champion steer in the pure bred fat cattle class (1972). The Galloways continued their winning streak by taking out the Royal Melbourne Shows prestigious Borthwick trophy for carcase quality for three consecutive years.

In Sydney at the Royal Easter Show Galloway cattle are the only breed of cattle to have won the 'Taste of Champions', an all-breeds consumer taste test, for two consecutive years (2002 & 2003).